Dr Navi Pillay served as High Commissioner for Human Rights at the United Nations from 2008 to 2014. She has championed many human rights issues with which she had direct experience, having grown up as a member of the non-white majority under the Apartheid regime in South Africa. After studying law in Natal, South Africa, Dr Pillay worked on behalf of the victims of racial segregation as a criminal defence lawyer and as an activist for the anti-Apartheid movement. Later, Dr Pillay earned a Master’s degree at Harvard Law School. She was the first South African to be awarded the degree of Doctor of Juridical Science at Harvard Law School in 1988. In 1995, after the end of Apartheid, she was appointed to the Supreme Court of South Africa as a limited-term judge. In the same year, she was appointed Judge to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), where she served for a total of eight years, including four years as President. She later served at the ICC for five years. Dr Pillay is a co-founder of "Equality Now", an international women’s rights organisation.